Overview of craniosynostosis

Irene Vraka, Panagiotis-Athanasios Georgis, Ioannis Nikas

Abstract


Although craniosynostosis is a well-described entity, advances in genetics and radiology equipment have brought to light new evidence, which can possibly change the imaging approach. A number of genes and mutations related to the disorder have been indentified, whereas foetal MRI appears to be quite reliable in the clarification of fetal ultrasound findings. This article includes the latest medical literature data on craniosynostosis with emphasis to those concerning or even affecting diagnostic imaging. It appears that cranial ultrasound and foetal MRI, along with specific MRI techniques for the skull, will be the future in the imaging of craniosynostosis. Literature data on the normal sutures' anatomy, as well as on the disorder's classification, aetiology and treatment, have also been included.


Keywords


craniosynostosis; diagnostic imaging; cranium; children; suture fusion

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References


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