Imaging of traumatic injuries of the paediatric pelvis and hip

Evangelia E. Vassalou, Apostolos H Karantanas, Maria Raissaki

Abstract


Trauma to the paediatric hip and pelvis may cause a diverse group of acute and chronic traumatic conditions characterised by significant variations in incidence and severity. Knowledge of the morphologic and biomechanical peculiarities of the developing pelvis constitutes an essential background for understanding paediatric pelvic trauma. Imaging studies should follow a thorough clinical examination and clearly play an integral role in the assessment and management of pelvic injuries in children. The choice of the most appropriate imaging modality and accurate interpretation of imaging findings are crucial for reaching the correct diagnosis without delaying management. This pictorial essay focuses on the various causes of trauma-related hip and pelvic pain in the paediatric population. Special attention is given on pathophysiologic mechanisms, appropriate imaging work-up and imaging findings indicative of various types of this diverse group of injuries.


Keywords


pelvic injuries; hip injuries; childhood; sports injuries/imaging; trauma

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References


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